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September 2019 was the hottest month ever recorded on Earth

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September 2019 was the hottest month ever recorded on Earth, according to a new report from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), based on measurements taken after 1880. According to the report, the average global temperature of the Earth’s surface and sea in September 2019 was 0.95 degrees Celsius over the mid-20th century.

Each month of September 2015, 2016 and 2019 was characterized by an average temperature of the Earth’s surface and the ocean above 0.90 degrees Celsius. The period from January to September 2019 is the second warmest period from January to September at a temperature of 0.94 ° C above the 20th-century average recorded by NOAA.

Among the other records of this period are records about North America: September 2019 was the hottest September in North America since the start of the continental temperature record in 1910. September 2019 in the South American, Africa, Asia, Gulf of Mexico, and Hawaii regions was one of the warmest three months of September recorded to date.

Nevertheless, the Arctic sea ice area in September was the third-lowest record ever compared to the average of the period from 1981 to 2010.

The expansion of Antarctic sea ice in September was 1.3% lower than the 1981-2010 average.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.noaa.gov/news/september-2019-tied-as-hottest-on-record-for-planet

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/global-climate-201909

Image Souce:

https://www.drroyspencer.com/wp-content/uploads/UAH_LT_1979_thru_September_2019_v6.jpg

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
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Science

According to a famous designer, future architects will be useless due to artificial intelligence

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According to New York designer Sebastian Errazuriz, architects are among the many occupations and activities that could be literally replaced by advances in technology related to artificial intelligence. Architect and designer Elaziriz later made these statements into a series of films published on his Instagram account and later covered them in a statement.

According to ErraZuriz, it is almost impossible for an architect to compete with an artificial intelligence algorithm, and this will become a reality in the near future, so the architect himself said that “90% of the work is at risk. It is important to warn of this as soon as possible.”

In this regard, in one of the Instagram posts, the designer released an animation developed by new software that can generate building plans in a fully automated way. And this is what can happen today. Imagine this kind of technology 1000 times more powerful now.

Machine learning is becoming more and more proficient, and software can literally store large amounts of data and knowledge related to building technology in seconds. In the future, Ella Zuriz predicts that by setting various features such as budget, size, etc., getting a project in seconds will give customers more details about the type of building they want.

The same customer can “visit” the building through augmented reality technology, even before the foundation is built.

According to Elaziriz, the only architect who will survive are architects practicing architecture as an art, but that is a small elite, and at best only 1% of all architects. Everything else is doomed.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.dezeen.com/2019/10/22/artificial-intelligence-ai-architects-jobs-sebastian-errazuriz/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_ErraZuriz

https://www.instagram.com/tv/B3jzjj0joCf/

Image Souce:

http://futurearchitectureplatform.org/media/froala/ai-1.jpg

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
Continue Reading

Science

Arctic permafrost: imminent thawing more serious than previously thought

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Scientists have repeatedly mentioned the dangers associated with melting Arctic permafrost. This type of soil is a risk that stems from the fact that it is a truly massive carbon deposit that increases dramatically when released into the environment and has unpredictable effects. The amount of carbon dioxide in the air further accelerates the ongoing global warming process.

A new warning has been issued, published today at Nature Climate Change. This is a study with a decisive tone, saying that permafrost is melting more and more in the northern part of the planet, and is probably releasing much more carbon than previously calculated. The same researchers predict that CO2 emissions in the environment will increase by 17% “in moderate mitigation scenarios” until 2100.

Permafrost carbon network researchers analyzed more than 100 sites in the Arctic and estimated that permafrost released an average of 1662 teragrams of carbon in the winter of 2003-2017. This is far more than previous studies had estimated.

And due to the lack of sites considered in view of the vastness of areas where permafrost is expanding, it is still a limited study. For example, if you consider the entire Arctic, the results can be even more alarming.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/10/global-impacts-thawing-arctic-permafrost-may-be-imminent

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0592-8

Image Souce:

https://cdn.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/QdWnGSo-CZ6WPbTEE0X-gH47zNw=/0x0:4240×2478/1200×0/filters:focal(0x0:4240×2478):no_upscale()/cdn.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_asset/file/9107721/DSC00291.jpg

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
Continue Reading

Science

The eROSITA space telescope provides an amazing image

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Built by the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, the first image of Erosita onboard the Spectrum-RG Russia-German Space Observatory reveals a remarkable image. From October 13th, all seven modules of the X-ray telescope equipped with a camera were in operation to observe the sky. Among the first images are images of the new Magellanic Cloud and two interacting galaxy clusters that are 800 million light-years away from us.

These are A3391 and A3395, two galaxy clusters taken from eROSITA. This new image allowed researchers to confirm the fact that the two clusters actually interact and shine intensely with X-rays due to the large amount of very hot gas space between galaxies.

The same researcher also confirmed that a kind of “bridge” exists between the two clusters. This confirms the fact that they are interacting because they are attracted by gravity.

According to Peter Predehl, one of the researchers using eROSITA, the potential of this space telescope is thanks to a state-of-the-art CCD camera featuring high sensitivity and “abnormal” spectral and temporal resolution. For example, for the Large Magellanic Cloud, eROSITA can also identify supernova remnants such as SN1987A. Thanks to these resolution levels, researchers were able to confirm, among other things, that an explosion occurred in 1987 and the shock waves generated by this supernova spreading through the interstellar medium are weakening.

Researchers then identified many other celestial bodies in the Large Magellanic Cloud and those far away, especially the very distant active galactic nuclei whose radiation “penetrates” the hot gas in the Magellanic Cloud.

Currently, researchers conduct a four-year survey. Thanks to that, at least 100,000 clusters of X-ray galaxies and millions of black holes in the center of the galaxy were discovered, as specified by Andrea Merloni, a researcher of the entire X-ray sky map eROSITA project. A huge amount of data and catalogs containing millions of all kinds of objects have been used by astronomers for decades.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.mpg.de/14056201/first-light-erosita

Image Souce:

https://www.dlr.de/content/en/images/2019/4/erosita-galaxy-clusters.jpeg;jsessionid=BDC0B98D625AB03D18D410062B925845.delivery-replication1?__blob=normal&v=2__ifc1920w

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
Continue Reading

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