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September 2019 was the hottest month ever recorded on Earth

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September 2019 was the hottest month ever recorded on Earth, according to a new report from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), based on measurements taken after 1880. According to the report, the average global temperature of the Earth’s surface and sea in September 2019 was 0.95 degrees Celsius over the mid-20th century.

Each month of September 2015, 2016 and 2019 was characterized by an average temperature of the Earth’s surface and the ocean above 0.90 degrees Celsius. The period from January to September 2019 is the second warmest period from January to September at a temperature of 0.94 ° C above the 20th-century average recorded by NOAA.

Among the other records of this period are records about North America: September 2019 was the hottest September in North America since the start of the continental temperature record in 1910. September 2019 in the South American, Africa, Asia, Gulf of Mexico, and Hawaii regions was one of the warmest three months of September recorded to date.

Nevertheless, the Arctic sea ice area in September was the third-lowest record ever compared to the average of the period from 1981 to 2010.

The expansion of Antarctic sea ice in September was 1.3% lower than the 1981-2010 average.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.noaa.gov/news/september-2019-tied-as-hottest-on-record-for-planet

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/global-climate-201909

Image Souce:

https://www.drroyspencer.com/wp-content/uploads/UAH_LT_1979_thru_September_2019_v6.jpg

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
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Science

Scientists study genes regulating dog coat colours

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Studying a breed of Irish setter, a study team at UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine discovered a new genetic element that underlies the regulation of coat color in dogs. Specifically, the researchers studied the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, a medium-sized hunting dog, often referred to as a toller.

According to the researchers, the particular color of the coat of these dogs derives from two particular pigments, yellow (pheomelanin) and black (eumelanin). These two pigments, in turn, are regulated by the MC1R genes (melanocortin receptor 1) and the agouti signaling protein (ASIP). Depending on the mutation of MC1R, the coat of these dogs may produce more or less pheomelanin and appear more or less yellow or red.

Specifically, dogs with a larger number of copies of the DNA region on chromosome 15 have more intense coat colors while animals with a smaller number of copies have a lighter coat.

The study, which appeared in Genes, shows how much there is still to know about the different coat colours of dogs, even of other breeds. The study was carried out by senior author Danika Bannasch and graduate student Kalie Weich.

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
Continue Reading

Science

According to a famous designer, future architects will be useless due to artificial intelligence

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According to New York designer Sebastian Errazuriz, architects are among the many occupations and activities that could be literally replaced by advances in technology related to artificial intelligence. Architect and designer Elaziriz later made these statements into a series of films published on his Instagram account and later covered them in a statement.

According to ErraZuriz, it is almost impossible for an architect to compete with an artificial intelligence algorithm, and this will become a reality in the near future, so the architect himself said that “90% of the work is at risk. It is important to warn of this as soon as possible.”

In this regard, in one of the Instagram posts, the designer released an animation developed by new software that can generate building plans in a fully automated way. And this is what can happen today. Imagine this kind of technology 1000 times more powerful now.

Machine learning is becoming more and more proficient, and software can literally store large amounts of data and knowledge related to building technology in seconds. In the future, Ella Zuriz predicts that by setting various features such as budget, size, etc., getting a project in seconds will give customers more details about the type of building they want.

The same customer can “visit” the building through augmented reality technology, even before the foundation is built.

According to Elaziriz, the only architect who will survive are architects practicing architecture as an art, but that is a small elite, and at best only 1% of all architects. Everything else is doomed.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.dezeen.com/2019/10/22/artificial-intelligence-ai-architects-jobs-sebastian-errazuriz/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_ErraZuriz

https://www.instagram.com/tv/B3jzjj0joCf/

Image Souce:

http://futurearchitectureplatform.org/media/froala/ai-1.jpg

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
Continue Reading

Science

Arctic permafrost: imminent thawing more serious than previously thought

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Scientists have repeatedly mentioned the dangers associated with melting Arctic permafrost. This type of soil is a risk that stems from the fact that it is a truly massive carbon deposit that increases dramatically when released into the environment and has unpredictable effects. The amount of carbon dioxide in the air further accelerates the ongoing global warming process.

A new warning has been issued, published today at Nature Climate Change. This is a study with a decisive tone, saying that permafrost is melting more and more in the northern part of the planet, and is probably releasing much more carbon than previously calculated. The same researchers predict that CO2 emissions in the environment will increase by 17% “in moderate mitigation scenarios” until 2100.

Permafrost carbon network researchers analyzed more than 100 sites in the Arctic and estimated that permafrost released an average of 1662 teragrams of carbon in the winter of 2003-2017. This is far more than previous studies had estimated.

And due to the lack of sites considered in view of the vastness of areas where permafrost is expanding, it is still a limited study. For example, if you consider the entire Arctic, the results can be even more alarming.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/10/global-impacts-thawing-arctic-permafrost-may-be-imminent

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0592-8

Image Souce:

https://cdn.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/QdWnGSo-CZ6WPbTEE0X-gH47zNw=/0x0:4240×2478/1200×0/filters:focal(0x0:4240×2478):no_upscale()/cdn.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_asset/file/9107721/DSC00291.jpg

Tom Parker

I am a retired army veteran with a lifelong interest in chemistry and biology. I will occasionally contribute stories and research that I would like to report on, as well as help to edit stories along with Katie.

1493 Joyce Street, Orange Beach Alabama, 36561
[email protected]
334-722-9205
Tom Parker
Continue Reading

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