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Dinosaurs relied on an “evaporation” area to dissipate heat in the head

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Dinosaurs developed in many different ways over time, but all faced the same problem, especially in regard to heat dissipation in my head. In fact, the level of overheating is too high and can damage the brain. According to a new study published in Anatomical Record, the largest dinosaur solved the problem in a variety of ways and used a possible dissipation scheme.

Small dinosaurs were able to hide in the shade during the hottest days of the day, but large dinosaurs such as long-necked sauropods and armored dinosaurs found it more difficult to avoid overheating. Many dinosaur species relied on evaporation, the technology still used to cool things. In particular, as far as our body is concerned, it is evaporative cooling by sweat that causes the temperature to drop slightly when the body itself overheats.

Researchers study birds, the modern parents of dinosaurs, and understand how they rely on this type of cooling. They followed the blood flow of the evaporative cooling site to the brain. This is an inherently moist area, such as the eyes, nose, mouth, that cools the blood as it goes to the brain. They also measured bone channels and grooves that carry blood vessels.

As Ruger Porter, the lead author of the study, explains, “The bone grooves and grooves found in modern birds and reptiles are linked to dinosaur fossils. Using these bone tests, we wanted to see how their blood flow patterns can be restored and how they deal with their thermophysiology and heat.”

They concluded that larger dinosaurs had a vascular pattern that emphasized specific areas of cooling, typically areas of different genus or species.

For example, sauropods emphasized both the nasal cavity and mouth as cooling areas, whereas sauropods emphasized the nose.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.ohio.edu/news/2019/10/new-ohio-study-shows-huge-dinosaurs-evolved-different-cooling-systems-combat-heat

https://anatomypubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ar.24234

Image Souce:

https://scx2.b-cdn.net/gfx/news/hires/2019/5da86a3535baf.jpg

Katie Lopez

I previously studied Political Science and am now enrolled in Florida State University as an Applied Mathematics major. I am an established writer and am responsible for not only researching and writing new stories, but also proofreading and editing content here.

3713 Steve Hunt Road, Ft Lauderdale Florida, 33311
[email protected]
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Katie Lopez
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Science

According to a famous designer, future architects will be useless due to artificial intelligence

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According to New York designer Sebastian Errazuriz, architects are among the many occupations and activities that could be literally replaced by advances in technology related to artificial intelligence. Architect and designer Elaziriz later made these statements into a series of films published on his Instagram account and later covered them in a statement.

According to ErraZuriz, it is almost impossible for an architect to compete with an artificial intelligence algorithm, and this will become a reality in the near future, so the architect himself said that “90% of the work is at risk. It is important to warn of this as soon as possible.”

In this regard, in one of the Instagram posts, the designer released an animation developed by new software that can generate building plans in a fully automated way. And this is what can happen today. Imagine this kind of technology 1000 times more powerful now.

Machine learning is becoming more and more proficient, and software can literally store large amounts of data and knowledge related to building technology in seconds. In the future, Ella Zuriz predicts that by setting various features such as budget, size, etc., getting a project in seconds will give customers more details about the type of building they want.

The same customer can “visit” the building through augmented reality technology, even before the foundation is built.

According to Elaziriz, the only architect who will survive are architects practicing architecture as an art, but that is a small elite, and at best only 1% of all architects. Everything else is doomed.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.dezeen.com/2019/10/22/artificial-intelligence-ai-architects-jobs-sebastian-errazuriz/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_ErraZuriz

https://www.instagram.com/tv/B3jzjj0joCf/

Image Souce:

http://futurearchitectureplatform.org/media/froala/ai-1.jpg

Katie Lopez

I previously studied Political Science and am now enrolled in Florida State University as an Applied Mathematics major. I am an established writer and am responsible for not only researching and writing new stories, but also proofreading and editing content here.

3713 Steve Hunt Road, Ft Lauderdale Florida, 33311
[email protected]
561-523-7467
Katie Lopez
Continue Reading

Science

Arctic permafrost: imminent thawing more serious than previously thought

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Scientists have repeatedly mentioned the dangers associated with melting Arctic permafrost. This type of soil is a risk that stems from the fact that it is a truly massive carbon deposit that increases dramatically when released into the environment and has unpredictable effects. The amount of carbon dioxide in the air further accelerates the ongoing global warming process.

A new warning has been issued, published today at Nature Climate Change. This is a study with a decisive tone, saying that permafrost is melting more and more in the northern part of the planet, and is probably releasing much more carbon than previously calculated. The same researchers predict that CO2 emissions in the environment will increase by 17% “in moderate mitigation scenarios” until 2100.

Permafrost carbon network researchers analyzed more than 100 sites in the Arctic and estimated that permafrost released an average of 1662 teragrams of carbon in the winter of 2003-2017. This is far more than previous studies had estimated.

And due to the lack of sites considered in view of the vastness of areas where permafrost is expanding, it is still a limited study. For example, if you consider the entire Arctic, the results can be even more alarming.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/10/global-impacts-thawing-arctic-permafrost-may-be-imminent

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0592-8

Image Souce:

https://cdn.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/QdWnGSo-CZ6WPbTEE0X-gH47zNw=/0x0:4240×2478/1200×0/filters:focal(0x0:4240×2478):no_upscale()/cdn.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_asset/file/9107721/DSC00291.jpg

Katie Lopez

I previously studied Political Science and am now enrolled in Florida State University as an Applied Mathematics major. I am an established writer and am responsible for not only researching and writing new stories, but also proofreading and editing content here.

3713 Steve Hunt Road, Ft Lauderdale Florida, 33311
[email protected]
561-523-7467
Katie Lopez
Continue Reading

Science

The eROSITA space telescope provides an amazing image

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Built by the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, the first image of Erosita onboard the Spectrum-RG Russia-German Space Observatory reveals a remarkable image. From October 13th, all seven modules of the X-ray telescope equipped with a camera were in operation to observe the sky. Among the first images are images of the new Magellanic Cloud and two interacting galaxy clusters that are 800 million light-years away from us.

These are A3391 and A3395, two galaxy clusters taken from eROSITA. This new image allowed researchers to confirm the fact that the two clusters actually interact and shine intensely with X-rays due to the large amount of very hot gas space between galaxies.

The same researcher also confirmed that a kind of “bridge” exists between the two clusters. This confirms the fact that they are interacting because they are attracted by gravity.

According to Peter Predehl, one of the researchers using eROSITA, the potential of this space telescope is thanks to a state-of-the-art CCD camera featuring high sensitivity and “abnormal” spectral and temporal resolution. For example, for the Large Magellanic Cloud, eROSITA can also identify supernova remnants such as SN1987A. Thanks to these resolution levels, researchers were able to confirm, among other things, that an explosion occurred in 1987 and the shock waves generated by this supernova spreading through the interstellar medium are weakening.

Researchers then identified many other celestial bodies in the Large Magellanic Cloud and those far away, especially the very distant active galactic nuclei whose radiation “penetrates” the hot gas in the Magellanic Cloud.

Currently, researchers conduct a four-year survey. Thanks to that, at least 100,000 clusters of X-ray galaxies and millions of black holes in the center of the galaxy were discovered, as specified by Andrea Merloni, a researcher of the entire X-ray sky map eROSITA project. A huge amount of data and catalogs containing millions of all kinds of objects have been used by astronomers for decades.


Related articles & sources:

https://www.mpg.de/14056201/first-light-erosita

Image Souce:

https://www.dlr.de/content/en/images/2019/4/erosita-galaxy-clusters.jpeg;jsessionid=BDC0B98D625AB03D18D410062B925845.delivery-replication1?__blob=normal&v=2__ifc1920w

Katie Lopez

I previously studied Political Science and am now enrolled in Florida State University as an Applied Mathematics major. I am an established writer and am responsible for not only researching and writing new stories, but also proofreading and editing content here.

3713 Steve Hunt Road, Ft Lauderdale Florida, 33311
[email protected]
561-523-7467
Katie Lopez
Continue Reading

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